It is not only low-skilled factory workers whose jobs are being lost to automation; it is also many of what used to be middle-skill, middle-income jobs. This trend is leading to a “hollowing out” of the job market, with fewer jobs that require a medium skill level and at one time provided middle America with a living wage.
What remain are a smaller number of high-skill, high-income, “high-tech” jobs and lots of low-skill, low-income, “high-touch” jobs. “High-tech” jobs are engineers, software designers, architects and scientists. These jobs require college degrees or higher. “High-touch” jobs that are plentiful are farmworkers, food service personnel, carpenters, plumbers, electricians, landscape workers, security personnel, and cleaning and janitorial workers.